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Learning to Ride a Motorcycle

Compulsory Basic Training (CBT)

Regardless of what age or licence type you wish to obtain, a CBT course will need to be successfully completed at some point in your motorcycle riding career in order to receive your motorcycle licence.

Compulsory Basic Training (CBT) is a requirement for most people who want to legally ride a moped or motorcycle on the road – regardless of the licence type they want. It involves training students in relevant motorcycle skills until they reach a safe standard for on-road riding.


Compulsory Basic Training is the first step to obtaining a motorcycle licence.

In some cases, some riders don’t need to take a CBT course. These circumstances include people who only want to ride a moped (up to 50cc) and passed their car driving test before 1 February 2001, people who want to ride a motorcycle and have a full moped licence from passing a moped test after 1 December 1990, those who have a full motorcycle licence for one category and want to upgrade to another. Some people who live and ride on some of the UK’s offshore islands will also be exempt from taking a CBT course. Full details of these offshore islands are available on website.

Once your CBT has been completed, you’ll receive a certificate (DL196) to prove you have successfully completed the course. If you wish to ride without L plates, carry a pillion passenger, ride on the motorway or avoid the need to retake the CBT every two years, you’ll need to take a theory and practical test to obtain either an AM, A1 or A2 motorcycle licence, dependent on your age.