Compulsory Basic Training (CBT)
An Introduction to CBT – Element 'A'
The beginning of your CBT course will take you through the basics of CBT courses, what the purpose of the course is and what the content covers. Your trainer will use examples to illustrate their points and your licence will be checked along with your eyesight. At the end of this element, you’ll understand the content and purpose of CBT, how to select the right equipment for riding a motorcycle or moped, and the costs involved.
Practical On-Site Training – Element 'B'
This is your introduction to the motorcycle. You’ll get a feel for the weight and balance of a motorbike and be able to show your knowledge of how the motorcycle works at the end of this element. You won’t start riding until the next element, but you will be able to perform basic safety checks, understand the motorcycle’s controls, be able to start and stop the engine, be able to wheel the motorcycle and brake the bike to a standstill. You will be taught these skills along with a maximum of three other students.
Practical On-Site Riding – Element ‘C’
Now you’ve covered the very basics and become familiar with the motorbike in Elements A and B, you can begin riding the motorcycle. Your motorcycle trainer will take you through some core skills and get you to practice them until they are happy you are safe to be taken out on public roads. These skills and techniques include rear observation, the OSM routine (observation – signal – manoeuvre), and PSL routine (position – speed – look).
All of these skills enable you to control the motorcycle safely when riding it. You’ll cover riding in a straight line, riding slowly, figure of eight riding, u-turns, braking, changing gears, emergency stopping, rear observation, and turning left and right. No more than three other students will accompany you on this part of the CBT course.
On-Road Training – Element ‘D’
Once you have completed the off-road theory and practical training, you’ll need to be prepared for the on-road element. Your group may need to be split at this point as it is a legal requirement that a trainer manages no more than two students for all on-road parts of a CBT course. Element ‘D’ of the On-road training is purely theoretical and your trainer will take you through all the information and theory needed to understand how to legally and safely ride on the road. These are the foundations of motorcycle riding and cover essential points such as:
· Legal requirements for riding on the road
· Being visible to other road users
· The vulnerability of motorcyclists
· Highway Code
· Road positioning
· Distances to maintain between you and other vehicles
· Rear observation
· Anticipating hazards and other driver’s behaviour
· Road surfaces
· Weather conditions
· Hazard perception
· Rider attitude
· Drugs and alcohol
Practical On-Road Riding – Element ‘E’
This is the final element of the CBT course, throughout which your trainer will assess if you are ready to ride on the road on your own. If they believe this to be the case, they will then issue you with a CBT certificate (DL196).
You’ll ride on the road with your trainer (and possibly one other student) for a minimum of two hours and be in radio contact with your trainer throughout this time. During this time you will need to demonstrate that you are able to cope with a variety of traffic conditions in a safe manner. Your trainer will request you to stop and discuss various aspects of your riding and explain how the theory you learned in previous elements should be put into practice over the course of this ride. The CBT certificate will only be signed when your trainer is confident you are safe to continue learning to ride on your own.
To ride without L plates and avoid the need to take a CBT course again in two years’ time to continue riding on the road, you will need an AM licence, or higher depending on your age.